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Viceroy Period Achievements/Events
Lord Canning 1856-1862 ·         The Governor General during Mutiny of 1857.

·         The first Viceroy of India after the war.

·         He removed Doctrine of lapse.

·         In his reign, Indian Council Act was passed in 1861

·         During his rule, University of Bombay, Calcutta, Madras was established in 1857.

Lord Lawrence 1864-1869 ·         In his reign, High Court was established at Calcutta, Bombay, Madras in 1865.

·         He formed Indian Forest Department.

·         The telegraph line was opened with Europe.

·         He introduced various reforms.

·         He became the member of Punjab Board of Administration.

·         He was known by the name i.e. Savior of Punjab.

Lord Mayo 1869-1872 ·         He started financial decentralization in India.

·         Rajkot College in Kathiawar & Mayo College in Ajmer for Indian princess was established by him.

·         In his time, first Census of India was held in 1871.

·         Statistical survey of India was organized by him.

·         In Andaman in 1872, he was the only Viceroy murdered in the office by a pathan.

Lord Lytton 1876-1880 ·         In order to decorate Queen Victoria with the title of Kaiser-i-hind, the Delhi Durbar was held on January 1, 1877.

·         In 1879, the Statutory Civil Service examination was started.

·         The maximum age for the civil services exams held in England, was reduced from 21 to 19 years.

·         In his reign i.e. in 1878, Vernacular press Act was passed.

Lord Rippon 1880-1884 ·         The age for civil service exam was raised to 21 years.

·         In 1881, in his reign, First Factory Act was passed which restricted the child labour.

·         In 1883, he passed the Illbert Bill.

·         In 1882, he passed the Local Self Government act.

Lord Dufferin 1884-1888 ·         The Indian National Congress was formed by him.
Lord Lansdowne 1888-1894 ·         In 1892, Indian Council Act was passed.

·         Second Factory Act (1891) was passed during his time.

·         Durand Commission to define a line between British India and Afghanistan, was appointed by him.

Lord Curzon 1899-1905 ·         At his time, the partition of Bengal (1905) was done into 2 provinces- Bengal and East Bengal.

·         He passed the Ancient Monuments Act (1904), in order to restore India’s cultural heritage.

·         Curzon established Archeological Survey of India.

Lord Minto 1905-1910 ·         In his time in 1909, Morley-Minto reform was passed.
Lord Hardinge 1910-1916 ·         Capital of Calcutta shifted to Delhi in 1911, as partition of Bengal was cancelled.

·         In 1915, Gandhi ji returned from South Africa.

·         Annie Besant launched Home Rule moment during his rule.

Lord Chelmsford 1916-1921  

·         The control over the Indian Government was to be handed over to Indian people according to August Declaration of 1917.

·         Rowlett Act 1919 was passed.

·         Montague-Chelmsford reform was passed.

·         During his reign, Jallianwala Bagh Massacre (1919), Non- Cooperation movement , Khilafat movement took place.

·         He opened Women’s University at Poona in 1919.

Lord Reading 1921-1926 ·         The incidence of Chauri -Chaura took place during his time.

·         Swaraj party was formed at his time.

·         In 1921, Ahmedabad session of INS was being held.

Lord Irwin 1926-1931 ·         In 1928, Simon commission came to India.

·         The incidence of Dandi took in 1930.

·         Civil Disobedience movement was started in 1930.

·         Gandhi signed Irwin pact. In 1931, First Round Table Conference was held.

Lord Willingdon 1931-1936 ·         In his reign, Poona Pact was signed.

·         During his time, Second and Third Round Table Conference was held.

·         British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald started Communal Award.

·         Government of India Act (1935) was passed.

Lord Linlithgow 1936-1944 ·         In provinces, Government of India Act was enforced.

·         In 1942, Cripps Mission visited India.

·         In 1942, Quit India movement was started.

·         In 1939, Second World war took place.

Lord Wavell 1944-1947 ·         Shimla Conference between Muslim League and Indian national Congress failed which was held on June 25, 1945.

·         In 1946, Cabinet Mission Plan was launched.

·         The first meeting of Constituent Assembly was held on December 09, 1946.

Lord Mountbatten March 1947- August 1947 ·         Lord Mountbatten was the Last Viceroy and first Governor General of free India.

·         On June 3, 1947, partition of India was done.

·         On July 4, 1947, by British parliament India Independent Act was passed.

·         According, India Independent Act, India got freedom on August 15, 1947.

·         He succeeded C. Rajagopalachari, who was the last Governor General of free India.

Governor General of India – List of Governor General of India

The table represents all the Governor – General of India. Grab all the information about the Governor -General of India.

Governor General Period Achievements/Events
Warren Hastings 1772-1785 ·         Warren Hastings was the first Governor of Bengal.

·         He joined the British East India Company in 1750.

·         During his reign, Zamindars were given judicial powers.

·         At his time, civil and criminal courts in each district was established.

·         He found the Calcutta Madrasa, for promotion of Islamic studies in 1781.

·         In 1784, Asiatic Society of Bengal was found by him.

Sir John Macpherson 1785-1786 ·         The post was held temporarily by him.
Lord Cornwallis 1786-1793 ·         Permanent Settlement of Bengal & Zamindari system was introduced by him.

·         An agreement between East India Company and Bengali landlords was made to fix revenues.

·         Police reforms was introduced by him.

·         Civil Services in India was introduction by him.

Sir John Shore 1793-1798 ·         Policy of non-intervention was followed by him.

·         Charter Act of 1793 was introduced by him.

Lord Wellesley 1798-1805 ·         The policy of Subsidiary Alliance was adopted by him i.e.- a system to keep the Indian rulers under control of the Britishers.

·         A College was opened by him to train the Company’s servants in Calcutta

·         He came to be known as the Father of Civil Services in India.

·         Fort William College at Calcutta was found by him.

Sir George Barlow 1805-1807 ·         Mutiny of Vellore in 1806 is the vital event at his time.

·         In mutiny of Vellore, the Indian soldiers killed many English officials.

Lord Minto I 1807-1813 ·         Apart from Lord Minto I, the Treaty of Amritsar (1809) was concluded by Maharaja Ranjit Singh.
Lord Hastings 1812-1823 ·         Non-intervention policy was ended by him.

·         The censorship of press was abolished by him.

·         Ryotwari and Mahalawari system in Bombay, was introduced by him.

Lord Amherst 1823-1828 ·         During his reign, First Anglo Burmese War (1824-26), took place.

·         Mutiny of Barrackpur (1824), took place in hs tenure.

Lord William Bentick


1828-1835 ·         Lord William Bentick was a British Soldier and Statesman.

·         William Bentick happens to be the first Governor General of India.

·         He made social reforms like abolition of Sati Pratha with the help of Rajaram Mohan Roy, Suppression of Thuggee.

·         He established first Medical College in Calcutta.

·         English as the language of higher education was made by him.

·         He prohibited female infanticide and child sacrifice.

Sir Charles Metcalfe 1835-1836 ·         His post was temporary.

·         He removed restriction on Vernacular press.

Lord Auckland 1836-1842 ·         In his reign, First Afghan War was fought.
Lord Dalhousie 1848-1856 ·         The first Railway line from Bombay to Thane in 1853 was opened by him.

·         The first Telegraph line from Calcutta to Agar in 1853 was Opened by him.

·         Doctrine of Lapse was introduced by him under which he captured Satara (1848), Jaipur and Sambhalpur (1849), Udaipur (1852), Jhansi (1853), Nagpur (1854).

·         He started Grand Trunk Road.

·         He established Postal system.

·         During his reign, in 1854, Wood’s Dispatch was passed which gave well identified system of education from School to University.

·         He passed Widow Remarriage Bill.

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