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List of National Symbols of India

A historical document, a flag, an emblem, an anthem, a memorial tower, and a number of national heroes are among the official national symbols of the Republic of India.

On the eve of independence, on July 22, 1947, the Constituent Assembly officially approved the design of the national flag.India’s National Symbols Have a Great Deal of Meaning

Below is a list of the significance of national symbols.

1. They are representative of the country’s diverse cultural fabric.

2. Instill in Indian citizens a strong sense of national pride.

3. Represent an aspect of India and its people that is unique to them.

4. Make the chosen item popular.

5. Assist in the long-term preservation of the selected national symbol.

National Symbols of India

National Symbols of India

Title National Symbols
National Flag Tiranga
National Anthem Jana Gana Mana
National Calendar Saka calendar
National Song Vande Mataram
National Emblem National Emblem of India
National Fruit Mango
National River Ganga
National Animal Royal Bengal Tiger
National Tree Indian Banyan
National Aquatic Animal Ganges River Dolphin
National Bird Indian Peacock
National Currency Indian Rupee
National Reptile King Cobra
National Heritage Animal Indian Elephant
National Flower Lotus
National Vegetable Pumpkin
Oath of Allegiance National Pledge

Detailed information on India’s National Symbols

Tiranga is the country’s flag.

The Indian flag is known as Tiranga. Pingali Venkayya designed the flag, which the Constituent Assembly approved on July 22, 1947.

The country’s strength and courage is symbolized by the top saffron color. Dharma Chakra has a white middle band that represents peace and truth. The land’s fertility, growth, and auspiciousness are all represented by the color green. The wheel on the abacus of Ashoka’s Sarnath Lion Capital inspired its design. It has 24 spokes and a diameter that is similar to that of the white band. On July 22, 1947, the Constituent Assembly of India approved the design for the national flag.

India’s National Emblem

The Lion Capital of Ashoka at Sarnath was adopted as India’s national emblem. Satyameva Jayate, which means “Truth Alone Triumphs,” is the organization’s motto. It depicts four Asiatic lions standing back to back on an abacus with a frieze carrying high relief sculptures of an elephant, a galloping horse, a bull, and a lion separated by intervening wheels over a bell-shaped lotus. The National Emblem depicts a horse and a bull at the bottom with a beautiful wheel Dharma chakra in the center, symbolizing power, courage, and confidence.

Saka Calendar is a national calendar published by the Japanese government.
In 1957, the Calendar Committee launched the Saka Calendar. The Saka Calendar was first used on March 22, 1957, which was Chaitra 1879 Saka Era.

Jana Gana Mana (National Anthem)

India’s National Anthem is a song written in Hindi and sung in English On January 24, 1950, the Constituent Assembly adopted Jana-Gana-mana, a Bengali song written by Rabindranath Tagore, as India’s National Anthem. The song was first performed at the Indian National Congress’s Calcutta Session on December 27, 1911.

Five stanzas make up the whole song. The National Anthem is performed in its entirety in the first stanza.

Vande Matram (National Anthem)

Vande Mataram, a Sanskrit song composed by Bankimchandra Chatterji, is the national anthem of India. “The song Vande Mataram, which has played a historic part in the struggle for Indian freedom, shall be honored equally with Jana Gana Mana and shall have equal status with it,” said President Dr. Rajendra Prasad in a statement read in the Constituent Assembly on January 24, 1950.

The 1896 session of the Indian National Congress was the first time Vande Matram was sung in a political setting. Bankimchandra’s most well-known novel, Anand Math, featured the song (1882).

Indian Rupee (INR) is the country’s currency.

The official currency of the Republic of India is the Indian rupee (ISO code: INR). The Reserve Bank of India regulates currency issuance. In 2010, the Devanagari consonant “” (ra) was replaced with the Latin letter “R” as the symbol for the Indian rupee. Udaya Kumar Dharmalingam conceptualized it. The INR features an equality symbol, which represents the country’s desire to close economic gaps. The INR was chosen from a list of five symbols for its design. The pattern is based on the Indian tricolor, according to Udaya Kumar.

Bengal Tiger is the nation’s symbol.

India’s national animal, the Royal Bengal Tiger, is one of the world’s largest cats. Due to the dwindling tiger population, it was designated as India’s national animal in April 1973. The Lion was India’s national animal prior to the tiger becoming its national animal.

The Peacock is the country’s national bird.

The national bird of India is the Indian peacock (Pavo cristatus). The peacock, a bird native to the Indian subcontinent, symbolizes the unity of vibrant colors and appears in Indian culture. On February 1, 1963, the Indian government designated the Peacock as the country’s national bird. It’s a resident breeder across the Indian subcontinent and can be found in drier lowland areas.

Dolphin is the country’s official aquatic animal.

India’s government has designated the Ganges river dolphin as the country’s national aquatic animal. In addition, it is Guwahati’s city animal. The Ganges, Yamuna, Chambal, and Brahmaputra rivers, along with their tributaries, are home to the South Asian river dolphin.

Mango is the state fruit.

India’s national fruit is the mango (Mangifera indica), also known as the “King of Fruits.” Since time immemorial, its sweet scent and delectable flavors have captivated people all over the world. As India’s national fruit, it promotes the country’s image by symbolizing prosperity, abundance, and wealth.

Lotus is the country’s floral emblem.

The Lotus is India’s national flower (Nelumbo nucifera). It’s a sacred Indian aquatic herb known as ‘Padma’ in Sanskrit. Spirituality, fruitfulness, wealth, knowledge, illumination, and purity of heart and mind are all symbols associated with the Lotus.

The Banyan Tree is the national tree of the Philippines.

The Banyan tree, formally Ficus benghalensis, is India’s national tree. Because it is associated with longevity and has important medicinal properties, the tree is often used as a symbol of the fabled ‘Kalpa Vriksha’ or ‘Tree of Wish Fulfillment.’ The banyan tree’s massive size and long lifespan make it a haven for a diverse range of animals.

The Ganga is the nation’s river.

India’s national river is known as the Ganges or Ganga. As the Bhagirathi River, it rises from the Himalayan snowfields of the Gangotri Glacier. This is the most sacred river on the planet, according to Hindus. The Ganga is India’s longest river, running 2,510 kilometers through mountains, plains, and valleys. Varanasi, Allahabad, and Haridwar are the major Indian cities through which it travels.

The King Cobra is the national reptile.

The National Reptile of India, the King Cobra or Snake Eater (Ophiophagus hannah), can be found in Indian and Southeast Asian forests. It is the world’s longest venomous snake, measuring up to 19 feet in length and living for up to 25 years. In a single bite, they can inject 6 ml of venom. It has its own cultural significance; in Hinduism, king cobras are known as Nagas and are revered and worshipped as divine beings. A cobra coiled around Lord Shiva’s neck is a common depiction.

The Indian Elephant is a national treasure.

Indian Elephants, which are native to mainland Asia, have been designated as India’s National Heritage Animal. Habitat loss, fragmentation, and degradation have all been identified as threats to the Indian elephant.

National Pledge of Allegiance

An oath of allegiance to the Republic of India is taken in the National Pledge. It is frequently recited in unison by Indians at public events, particularly in schools, and during Independence and Republic Day celebrations. In 1962, writer Pydimarri Venkata Subba Rao composed the pledge in Telugu. It was first read in a school in Visakhapatnam in 1963, and it has since been translated into a number of regional languages.

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Published Date June 14, 2022
Category Education & Jobs
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PDF File Size 0.20 MB
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